|Paris is the capital city
of France. It is situated on the River Seine, in northern France, at
the heart of the Île-de-France region ("Région parisienne"). Paris
has an estimated population of 2,15..
||Paris is the capital city of France. It is situated
on the River Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the
Île-de-France region ("Région parisienne"). Paris has an estimated
population of 2,153,600 within its administrative limits.
An important settlement for more than two millennia, Paris is today
one of the world's leading business and cultural centres, and its
influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion,
science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the
world's major global cities. The Paris Region (Île-de-France) is
France's foremost centre of economic activity.
Paris is the most popular tourist destination in the world, with
over 30 million foreign visitors per year. There are numerous iconic
landmarks among its many attractions, along with world famous
institutions and popular parks.
City of Paris:
* Place de la Bastille being one of the most historic districts,
being a location of an essential event of not only Paris, but the
whole country of France. Because of its historical value the square
is often used for political demonstrations, including the massive
anti-CPE demonstration of March 28, 2006.
* Champs-Élysées is a seventeenth century garden-promenade turned
avenue connecting the Concorde and Arc de Triomphe. It is one of the
many tourist attractions and a major shopping street of Paris. This
avenue has been called "la plus belle avenue du monde" ("the most
beautiful avenue in the world").
* Place de la Concorde is at the foot of the Champs-Élysées, built
as the "Place Louis XV", site of the infamous guillotine. The
Egyptian obelisk is Paris' "oldest monument". On this place, on the
two side of the Rue Royale live two identical stone buildings: the
eastern houses the French Naval Ministry, the western the luxurious
Hôtel de Crillon. Nearby Place Vendôme is famous for its fashionable
and deluxe hotels (Hotel Ritz and Hôtel de Vendôme) and its
jewellers. Many famous fashion designers have had their salons in
* Les Halles was formerly Paris' central meat and produce market,
since the late 1970s a major shopping centre around an important
metro connection station (Châtelet-Les Halles, the biggest in
Europe). The past Les Halles was destroyed in 1971 and replaced by
the Forum des Halles. The central market of Paris, the biggest
wholesale food market in the world, was transferred to Rungis, in
the southern suburbs.
* Le Marais is a trendy Right Bank district. With large gay and
Jewish populations it is a very culturally open place.
* Avenue Montaigne, next to the Champs-Élysées, is home to luxury
brand labels such as Chanel, Louis Vuitton (LVMH), Dior and Givenchy.
* Montmartre is a historic area on the Butte, home to the Basilica
of the Sacré Coeur. Montmartre has always had a history with artists
and has many studios and cafés of many great artists in that area. *
Montparnasse (14th arrondissement) is a historic Left Bank area
famous for artists studios, music halls, and café life. The large
Montparnasse - Bienvenüe métro station and the lone Tour
Montparnasse skyscraper are located there.
* L'Opéra is the area around the Opéra Garnier is a home to the
capital's densest concentration of both department stores and
offices. A few examples are the Printemps and Galeries Lafayette
grands magasins (department stores), and the Paris headquarters of
financial giants such as Crédit Lyonnais and American Express.
The Louvre is one of the largest and most famous museums, housing
many works of art, including the Mona Lisa (La Joconde) and the
Venus de Milo statue. Works by Pablo Picasso and Rodin are found in
Musée Picasso and Musée Rodin respectively, while the artistic
community of Montparnasse is chronicled at the Musée du Montparnasse.
Starkly apparent with its service-pipe exterior, the Centre Georges
Pompidou, also known as Beaubourg, houses the Musée National d'Art
Moderne. Lastly, art and artefacts from the Middle Ages and
Impressionist eras are kept in Musée Cluny and Musée d'Orsay
respectively, the former with the prized tapestry cycle The Lady and
Many of Paris' once-popular local establishments have metamorphised
into a parody of French culture, in a form catering to the tastes
and expectations of tourist capital. Le Lido, The Moulin Rouge
cabaret-dancehall, for example, are a staged dinner theatre
spectacle, a dance display that was once but one aspect of the
cabaret's former atmosphere. All of the establishment's former
social or cultural elements, such as its ballrooms and gardens, are
gone today. Much of Paris' hotel, restaurant and night entertainment
trades have become heavily dependent on tourism, with results not
always positive for Parisian culture.